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Master of Integrated Water Management (Partial Scholarship)
Read the latest updates about the International WaterCentre, as well as contemporary water sector insights, water management news, and conversations with researchers, practitioners and students, from both Australia and abroad.
From a Royal Commission into our banking and financial system to a ball tampering scandal involving our National cricket team, the last few years have seen many high-profile examples of unethical leadership. Does this represent a crisis with respect to ethical leadership, or just a few isolated examples? Is the situation improving, getting worse or staying the same? Should we be worried? Could I, as a leadership development specialist, do more to encourage developing leaders to make ethical leadership a central part of their ‘leadership signature’?
Faced with the risk of losing everything to the sea, a local community has stepped up to take over responsibility for defending its coastline. With 90 miles of coastline (increasing to 93 when the tide is out), stretching from Kings Lynn to Great Yarmouth, Norfolk in the United Kingdom has one of the longest coastlines in the country. It attracts thousands of visitors each year and is the site of numerous archaeological discoveries, including the oldest footprints in the world. It is also a coastline at risk. Combinations of strong winds and high tides lead to flooding and major devastation, as experienced in 1953, and more recently in 2013. Scenes of broken houses teetering on cliff edges have become the norm. Climate change and rising sea levels increase the risk of flooding still further. Coastal protection is limited. There are sand dunes, and a grassy bank some distance inland. Most of the coastline is exposed to the sea. A low lying agricultural area, there are very few large towns within the county. UK Government policies focus on a mix of managing a retreat, not intervening and holding the line within selected areas, such as around a gas terminal at Bacton. The North Norfolk District Council sea defence projects have included building groynes, timber revetments, offshore reefs and protective rock armour on various beaches, but most areas do not have any protection at all. The result is that many communities are at risk of losing their homes and livelihoods. One of those communities decided enough was enough.
Great entrepreneurs have the ability to change society, shaping the way we live and work. What can entrepreneurs do for water development that will help to achieve the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goal 6 and deliver universal access to safe water and sanitation? “In the history of human development, it’s always been innovations that have paved the way to overcome societal challenges,” says Dr Christian Vousvouras, a WASH specialist at Nestle. “If we look at the WASH sector, the challenges are different. There are many technological solutions to provide WASH in a cost-efficient manner. What we need today are innovative and effective delivery models. The most successful WASH entrepreneurs will be the ones that find the right business model or that create the right ecosystem around their solution.” Vousvouras says that entrepreneurs can make use of existing multi-stakeholder platforms, such as the Alliance for Water Stewardship,to find a place in an ecosystem with other stakeholders. “The collaboration among different actors will be key. WASH investments have enormous productivity gains from a societal point of view.”
Israel not only has a water surplus, it also exports water and has now become a global leader in many water technologies. This is surprising, given that Israel is 60 per cent desert and experiences rain only in winter. Since its independence in 1948, Israel’s yearly rainfall has fallen by more than 50 per cent while its population has grown tenfold, increasing the pressure on its water resources. Annual rainfall varies across the country and extreme variations in precipitation between years are normal. So, what has made Israel a “water superpower”?
It’s no secret that brewers require a lot of water to craft the beers we love to drink. After all, water is the main ingredient. What might surprise beer enthusiasts is the huge amount of water that’s required to create even a drop of the delicious liquid, as well as the wastewater that is left over from the manufacturing and bottling process. To produce one litre of beer, breweries can require between six to eight litres of water. At less efficient breweries, this ratio can rise even higher.